49 first year CIT students were enrolled at the start of the fall 2010 semester at Lethbridge College in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. Of these students, 43 agreed to participate in the study, an 87% response rate. By the time the first major or midterm exam was conducted in late October, 35 students remained enrolled in the course and wrote the exam. Only 27 students remained in the course to write the second midterm and final exam.

Of the students participating in this study, 2 were female; only 1 of which completed the course. The average age of the participants was 24 years, with the oldest being 50 years old and the youngest being 18.